Wiping Stain

This is a cutting edge, robust, oil-based stain. Its thick, rich formula allows for easy application and superior color control, which is necessary to achieve a rich and uniform color on most surfaces in a single application.

Technical Data Sheet

Where to Use
Wiping Stain can be used on a variety of surfaces, including unfinished wood, previously finished surfaces, fiberglass, coated metal, and composition surfaces. Especially recommended for woods such as pine, birch, maple, poplar, and cherry.

Ideal for difficult-to-stain woods such as pine, poplar, maple, plywood, and veneers.

Surface Preparation
All surfaces must be clean, dry, and free from dirt, wax, grease, glue, and other contaminants or penetration and adhesion will be affected. Wood surfaces must be sanded smooth. Remove dust with a tack rag or a lint-free cloth dampened with mineral spirits. Surface defects should be repaired with an appropriate patching material.

Stir thoroughly before and during application for even distribution of color. Stain application varies based on surface material. Always test stain in an inconspicuous area.

Application on Bare Wood (used as a stain): Color of stain will vary depending on wood type and porosity and method of application. After cleaning wood surface, sand with #120 or #180 sandpaper until smooth. Remove sanding dust. Apply stain liberally with brush, lint-free cloth, or spray until surface is completely wet. Allow to penetrate for 5 to 15 minutes. Wipe with a soft cloth, first across the grain, then with the grain. For a darker color, re-stain when first coat is dry. For a lighter color, wipe with a cloth dampened with paint thinner before the stain has dried.

Application on Fiberglass & Composition Surfaces: Stain one section or panel at a time. Apply a liberal coat of Wiping Stain with a firm synthetic brush or lint-free rag and work the stain across and into the grain uniformly, feathering out streaks while stain is wet. Wipe brush often on a lint-free rag to remove excess stain.

Application over Painted Surfaces (used as a glaze): Apply to thoroughly dry paint with cheesecloth or brush, using long, smooth strokes for simulated woodgraining, or blend gently from edges for other effects. Allow the stain to set up for approximately 5 to 10 minutes, then dry brush to subdue or blend. Allow stain to dry thoroughly (usually 12 hours or longer, depending on humidity and drying conditions). We do not recommend a lacquer-type finish over a glaze application.

Application over Previously Finished Surfaces: Lightly sand surface with very fine grit sandpaper or #0000 steel wool. Remove dust with a lint-free cloth or tack rag. With a foam or bristle brush, apply a thin uniform coat of Wiping Stain. Using a soft, dry bristle brush, make light, even strokes in the direction of the grain while allowing the grain pattern beneath the surface to show through. Continue to lightly brush the surface until the pattern is consistent and then allow the stain to dry. If you need to darken the color, apply an additional coat of stain in the same manner as the first coat. Allow stain to dry thoroughly (usually 12 hours or longer, depending on humidity and drying conditions).

Mixing and Tinting
You can achieve custom colors by intermixing Wiping Stain colors or by adding up to 10 ounces of universal or industrial colorant per gallon. Create Santa Fe pastel colors by tinting Pickling White Wiping Stain (formulas available upon request). Natural Tint Base Wiping Stain may be used to lighten a Wiping Stain color in any proportion or as a tint base for ultimate color selection. The amount of colorant added may affect its performance and extend the dry time. DO NOT THIN.

Approximately 500 square feet per gallon. Spreading rate will vary significantly depending on application method and condition of wood.

Drying Time
Approximately 10 hours, depending on humidity, temperature, and use of product (as a stain or glaze). Wiping Stain can be top coated after 12 hours, but stain must be thoroughly dry. Ideal drying conditions recommended are 70° to 75°F and 35 to 50% humidity.

Using a cleaning solvent, such as paint thinner or mineral spirits, is recommended for cleanup. The use of paint thinners or mineral spirits may violate VOC compliancy in your area. Check with your local government agencies to ensure proper compliancy.

To avoid spontaneous combustion during temporary storage, soak soiled rags and waste immediately after use in a water-filled, closed metal container.

Recommended Finish Coat
We recommend Old Masters clear finishes. However, this stain can be top coated with most clears. If a lacquer topcoat is desired, test for compatibility before using. For exterior use, we suggest Old Masters Spar-Marine Varnish or Exterior Water-Based Spar-Urethane. When applying water-based finishes, allow a minimum of 24 hours before top coating.

MAX VOC: 250 grams/liter (2 lbs/gal)

Pickling White
Old Masters Wiping Stain is also offered in a unique pickling white formula. Pickling white creates a classic, white washed appearance on wood. Contemporary, southwestern colors can be achieved using Old Masters Pickling White as a tint base. Santa Fe tint formulas are available upon request. Please use the following instructions for mixing and tinting. Please follow all other instructions listed above.

Mixing and Tinting
Create Santa Fe pastel colors by tinting Pickling White Wiping Stain with up to 2.5 ounces of colorant per quart. The amount of colorant added may affect its performance and extend the dry time. DO NOT THIN.

MAX VOC: 550 grams/liter (4.6 lbs/gal)

Why Stain?

Old Masters uses only the finest ingredients to create the highest quality stains available today. Old Masters stains can be used to:

  • Add rich color and depth to wood surfaces. (Use Penetrating Stain, Wiping Stain, Gel Stain or Water-Based Wood Stain)
  • Change the color of other surfaces, including fiberglass, metal, and composition surfaces. (Use Wiping and Gel Stain)
  • Change existing colors on previously finished surfaces. (Use Penetrating, Wiping, or Gel Stain)
  • Match color tone on different kinds of woods and non-porous surfaces, such as fiberglass. (Use Wiping or Gel Stain)

Supplies List for Staining Projects:

  • Sand paper — medium grade (100 to 120 grit)
  • Sand paper — fine grade (160 to 220 grit)
  • Sanding block
  • Vacuum
  • Lint-free cloth
  • Tack rag
  • Stain
  • Scrap test piece
  • Stir stick and drop cloth
  • Bristle brush, synthetic brush, foam brush applicator, cheese cloth or rags
  • Mineral spirits or paint thinner
  • Rubber gloves
Product Number Color Size Safety Data Sheets
11101 Natural Gallon EnglishSpanishFrench
11104 Natural Quart EnglishSpanishFrench
11116 Natural Half Pint EnglishSpanishFrench
11201 Golden Oak Gallon EnglishSpanishFrench
11204 Golden Oak Quart EnglishSpanishFrench
11216 Golden Oak Half Pint EnglishSpanishFrench
11301 Cherry Gallon EnglishSpanish
11304 Cherry Quart EnglishSpanish
11316 Cherry Half Pint EnglishSpanish
11401 Red Mahogany Gallon EnglishSpanishFrench
11404 Red Mahogany Quart EnglishSpanishFrench
11416 Red Mahogany Half Pint EnglishSpanishFrench